A vacuum bomb, thermobaric weapon, aerosol bomb, or fuel-air explosive (FAE) is a type of explosive that generates a high-temperature explosion by using oxygen from the surrounding air. One of the most well-known types of thermobaric weapons is the fuel-air explosive.
While most conventional explosives are a fuel–oxidizer premix, such as black powder, which contains 25% fuel and 75% oxidizer, or a decomposition-type explosive, such as RDX, thermobaric weapons are nearly 100% fuel and thus much more energetic than conventional condensed explosives of equal weight.
Because they rely on atmospheric oxygen, they are unsuitable for use underwater, at high altitudes, or in bad weather. They are far more lethal when used against field fortifications such as foxholes, tunnels, bunkers, and caves.
As the initial explosive charge strikes its target, it detonates, bursting open the container and dispersing the fuel mixture as a cloud. A thermobaric weapon’s typical blast wave lasts significantly longer than that of a conventional condensed explosive.
Many different types of thermobaric weapons can be fitted to hand-held launchers and launched from airplanes. A vacuum bomb can be launched in the same manner as a rocket or dropped from an aircraft. On Saturday, Russia’s TOS-1 heavy flamethrower, which fires thermobaric rockets, was spotted south of Belgorod. Belgorod is a Russian city near the Ukraine border, and the flamethrower is thought to have been deployed for use in the ongoing invasion.
The first reported use of vacuum bombs dates back to World War II when the German Army used them. Since then, vacuum bombs have been further developed, primarily by the United States and the former Soviet Union. During the Vietnam War and against Al-Qaeda in Afghanistan, the United States used fuel-air explosives. Russia has also been accused of using lethal explosives during the 1999 Chechen war.
Since then, vacuum bombs have been further developed, primarily by the United States and the former Soviet Union. During the Vietnam War and against Al-Qaeda in Afghanistan, the United States used fuel-air explosives. Russia has also been accused of using lethal explosives during the 1999 Chechen war. In 2007, Russia tested its powerful “Father of All Bombs,” officially known as the Aviation Thermobaric Bomb of Increased Power. The vacuum bomb has the same mass as 44 tonnes of T.N.T. According to the Russian military, it is the most powerful bomb ever built.
What is the current situation in Ukraine?
So far, more than 350 civilians, including 14 children, have been killed as a result of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. More than 500,000 people are said to have fled the country as Russia continues to bombard its neighbor with on-the-ground attacks and airstrikes. Since Russia’s military operation began, approximately 8,36,000 refugees have fled Ukraine, according to the United Nations. India has issued an urgent warning to its citizens still in Ukraine, urging them to leave Kharkiv and travel to Pesochin, Babaye, and Bezlyudovka.
The first round of talks between Russian and Ukrainian diplomats ended on February 28, 2022, with no conclusive outcome. The countries have agreed to hold another round of negotiations. Although the use of vacuum bombs has not been officially confirmed, ground reports indicate that Russian thermobaric rocket launchers have been spotted in Ukraine.