International Women’s Day (IWD) is a global holiday commemorating women’s cultural, political, and socioeconomic achievements. It is observed annually on March 8th. It’s also a focal point in the women’s rights movement, raising awareness about issues like gender equality, reproductive rights, and violence and abuse against women.
It’s also a focal point in the women’s rights movement, raising awareness about issues like gender equality, reproductive rights, and violence and abuse against women.IWD arose from labor movements in North America and Europe in the early twentieth century, spurred on by the universal female suffrage movement that began in New Zealand.
On February 28, 1909, the Socialist Party of America organized a “Women’s Day” in New York City this prompted German delegates at the 1910 International Socialist Women’s Conference to propose that “a special Women’s Day” be held annually, albeit without a set date. The following year, the first demonstrations and commemorations of International Women’s Day took place across Europe. Following women’s suffrage in Soviet Russia in 1917 (the start of the February Revolution), IWD was declared a national holiday on March 8 and has since been observed by the socialist movement and communist countries on that date. Until the late 1960s, when it was adopted by the global feminist movement, the holiday was associated with far-left movements and governments.
Following its adoption by the United Nations in 1977, International Women’s Day became a mainstream global holiday. International Women’s Day is observed in a variety of ways around the world in some countries, it is a national holiday, while in others, it is observed socially or locally. The UN commemorates the holiday in honor of a specific issue, campaign, or theme related to women’s rights. IWD is still marked by protests and calls for radical change in some parts of the world, while in others, particularly in the West, it is largely socio-cultural and centered on a celebration of womanhood.
The United Nation’s theme for International Women’s Day in 2022 is “Gender equality today for a sustainable tomorrow,” to highlight the contributions of women and girls around the world who work in their communities to promote climate change adaptation, mitigation, and response to create a more sustainable future for everyone.